How To Plant Potatoes In Garden?

How To Plant Potatoes In Garden?

Potatoes are a versatile and satisfying crop to grow in your garden. Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or a newbie, planting potatoes is a straightforward process that can yield a bountiful harvest. In this guide, we’ll walk you through the steps to plant potatoes in your garden for a successful growing season.

How To Plant Potatoes In Garden?


Step 1: Timing is Everything

The first crucial step in planting potatoes is timing. Potatoes thrive in cooler weather, so you have two options: early spring or late fall if you live in a mild climate.

  • Early Spring: As soon as the ground is workable, typically when the soil temperature reaches around 45°F (7°C), it’s time to plant your potatoes. This is usually in March or April, depending on your location.
  • Late Fall: In mild climates, where winters are not harsh, you can also plant potatoes in the fall for a late-season harvest. Aim for a planting date around 2-4 weeks before the first expected frost.

Step 2: Choose Quality Seed Potatoes

Selecting the right seed potatoes is crucial for a successful harvest. Look for certified seed potatoes from a reputable source or garden center. Avoid using grocery store potatoes, as they might carry diseases that can harm your crop.

Step 3: Cut and Prepare Seed Potatoes

Before planting, cut the seed potatoes into sections, ensuring that each piece contains at least one eye or sprout. This “eye” will develop into a new potato plant.

Step 4: Prepare the Garden Bed

Dig a trench in your garden bed that’s approximately 6-8 inches deep. If you plan to plant multiple rows, space them about 3 feet apart to allow for adequate growth.

Step 5: Planting Time

  • Place each potato section in the trench, cut side down, with the eyes pointing upward. Space them 12-15 inches apart within the row.

Step 6: Cover and Hill

  • Cover the seed potatoes with about 3 inches of soil to start.
  • As the potato plants grow and reach a height of 10 to 12 inches, use a hoe or shovel to scoop soil from between the rows and mound it against the plants, burying the stems halfway. This process is known as “hilling.”
  • Repeat hilling as needed throughout the growing season to ensure that the tubers remain covered.

Step 7: Maintain Proper Moisture

Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Potatoes require consistent moisture for healthy growth. Water deeply and avoid overhead watering, as wet foliage can lead to disease.

Step 8: Weed Control

A weed-free potato patch is essential for a successful harvest. Regularly inspect your potato bed and remove any weeds that compete for nutrients and space.


Planting potatoes in your garden can be a rewarding experience. By following these steps, you can enjoy a plentiful harvest of fresh, homegrown potatoes. Remember that patience and care are key to growing healthy and delicious spuds.


What is the best time to plant potatoes in the garden?

The best time to plant potatoes in the garden is in the spring when the soil has warmed to at least 45 degrees Fahrenheit.

What kind of soil do potatoes need?

Potatoes need loose, well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. The soil pH should be between 5.8 and 6.5.

How deep should I plant potatoes?

Potatoes should be planted 2-4 inches deep.

How far apart should I plant potatoes?

Potatoes should be planted 12-18 inches apart.

How many potatoes should I plant per hill?

You can plant 2-3 potatoes per hill.

How much water do potatoes need?

Potatoes need regular watering, especially during the growing season. The soil should be kept moist but not soggy.

How do I know when to harvest potatoes?

Potatoes are ready to harvest when the leaves start to yellow and wilt. You can also check for harvest readiness by gently digging up a potato and seeing if it is the desired size.

How do I store potatoes?

Potatoes should be stored in a cool, dark place. They will be kept for several weeks if stored properly.

Here are some additional tips for planting potatoes in the garden:

  • Choose a sunny spot in your garden.
  • Prepare the soil by loosening it and adding compost or other organic matter.
  • Plant the potatoes 2-4 inches deep and 12-18 inches apart.
  • Water the potatoes regularly, especially during the growing season.
  • Fertilize the potatoes with a balanced fertilizer every few weeks.
  • Hill the potatoes up as they grow to protect the tubers from the sun and soil.
  • Harvest the potatoes when they are ready.

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